How STDs Can Affect Your Fertility

You may dislike using condoms.  You may think using condoms doesn’t feel as good as wearing nothing at all.  You may think your partner couldn’t possiblity have an STD because he or she does not show any signs.


 You need to know that not using a condom can put yourself at risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease.  And guess what?  Even if you may not want kids now, having a sexually transmitted disease can affect your chances of having kids in the future.

Sex is something that we enjoy, look forward to, and may think about frequently.  We enjoyed the intimate act, the fun you have with your partner, and the pleasure you get out of sex.  There are many couples that still do not use condoms because they think sex does not feel as good with a condom on or they get caught up in the heat of the moment.  A couple may think it is ok not to use protection because the female is taking birth control and can’t get pregnant.  Another couple may not use protection because they trust each other that either part does not have a STD, or sexually transmitted disease.  Even if you have sex just once without using a condom, you are putting yourself at risk of getting an STD.

When you have an STD, it does not mean that you will show signs or symptoms immediately.  Some STDS may show no symptoms at all. According to the American Social Health Association, about 65 million people in the United States have an STD.  If an STD is left untreated this can negatively affect your health and different parts of your body, such as the reproductive system.  A young female in her early 20’s may not be ready for a child.  However, if she puts herself at risk by not using a condom during sex, she may find that she has difficulty conceiving in the future.  If a female has an STD and does not get it treated, this can lead to is pelvic inflammatory disease.  Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection in the female’s reproductive organs which include the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, and cervix. Most cases of PID are caused by the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and chlamydia. If this bacteria travels up the vagina into her pelvic organs, she can get PID. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease can lead to scarring in the fallopian tubes, which makes it difficult or impossible for eggs to move through them, which can cause infertility. If a woman experiences multiple episodes of PID, the higher the chances she has of becoming infertile.  A woman with PID can also be at risk of having an ectopic pregnancy, which can be life threatening.   With ectopic pregnancies, the egg implants in the fallopian tube as opposed to the uterus.

Sexually transmitted diseases can also negatively impact a man’s fertility. Although it less common that women, an untreated STD can affect the male’s reproductive system. Certain STDs like gonorrhea can lead to epididymitis, which is a painful condition in the testicles that causes inflammation in one of the tracts through which the semen flows through. If the STD is not treated, this can cause a blockage in the reproductive tract, causing male infertility.

It is very important to get tested for STDs. Getting tested regularly for STDs can not only help decrease the spread of STDs, but also address any infections that may cause you to lose your fertility in the future.  If you are sexually active, use a condom.  There are so many condoms to choose, why risk your health or suffer the consequences of getting an STD.

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